Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS): PCOS is caused due to genetic defect of hormonal imbalance. With low levels of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), the follicles doesn’t develop properly and the eggs also not mature. An imbalance of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) causes over production of estrogen, abnormal thickening of the uterine lining and heavy and/or irregular periods. High levels of LH can trigger over production of male hormones in women including testosterone, which causes acne and facial hair in women. Elevated estrogen levels associated with PCOS may create an increased risk of uterine cancer and diabetes.
Ovulatory dysfunction results from congenital defects, hormonal deficiencies and/or the ageing process. Common forms of ovulatory dysfunction include:
Premature Ovarian Failure: Menopause usually occurs after several decades of menstrual cycles and natural depletion of the ovarian reserve. Premature ovarian failure or early menopause can be caused by
Fibroids & Polyps:Usually they are found inside the uterus, and affect implantation of the fertilized embryo. Symptoms of fibroids – heavy bleeding, pain and abdominal pressure.
Tissue lining the inner surface of uterus (Endometrium) grows and thickens during a menstrual cycle to receive a fertilized egg (implantation).But without a pregnancy, the lining sheds and is discharged with blood during a menstrual period. Endometriosis occurs when this tissue grows outside the uterus and the shedding process deposits blood and tissue in the abdomen. As a result, scar tissue can form in the fallopian tubes, adhere to the ovaries and cause misalignment of the organs, preventing natural conception. Although some women have no discomfort even with severe endometriosis, others experience abnormal menstrual bleeding and pain, tenderness in the abdomen and pelvis, and painful intercourse.